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iconINTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY Updated March 30, 2009

Section Contents:  The UN system in Haiti

The UN system in Haiti

FAO - Food and Agriculture Organization

In Haiti, FAO is aiming to increase the availability of food and the population's access to food stuffs, and to improve its quality. FAO intervenes most notably in the dissemination of agricultural techniques which can be reproduced at the level of small holdings and which are capable of guaranteeing a rapid and lasting increase in agricultural production. Its initiatives can also be seen in the development and exploitation, complete yet sustainable, of fragile ecosystems by a better management of their natural resources, particularly in mountainous regions and areas threatened by desertification.

UNCDF - United Nations Capital Development Fund

The UNCDF encourages the participation of people and community groups in the process of local planning and formulates its activities with a wide array of partners, including local authorities. In Haiti the UNCDF works in close liaison with the UNDP in order to help the government execute a series of innovative programmes, especially in the field of good governance and decentralisation.

IFDA - International Fund for Agricultural Development

IFDA is a specialised unit of the United Nations created as a financial institution in 1977, following the World Food Conference in 1974. IFDA supports governments' efforts dedicated to the eradication of poverty. In Haiti since 1978, IFDA has financed six projects at a total cost of $69.9 million US. Two are currently in operation: the Project for the Intensification of Food-producing Cultivation (currently in phase 2, Projet d'intensification des cultures vivrières, PICV 2) and the Support Programme for Rural Production Initiatives (Programme d'appui aux initiatives productives en milieu rural, PAIP). These projects contribute to the improvement of living conditions and the increase in revenue for rural populations.

OCHA - Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

In Haiti OCHA supports the humanitarian coordinator by bringing together numerous entities of the United Nations and the humanitarian community for the response required to the humanitarian needs of the country. OCHA shares information and ideas with the other UN agencies, MINUSTAH, partners in the international community and amongst the Haitian civilian organisations, through written situational reports and regular humanitarian forums.

IOM - International Organization on Migration

The mandate of the International Organization on Migration (IOM) consists of promoting orderly and humane migration which benefits the migrants and the society - of the government of the country of origin, the transit state, as well as that of the destination state. In Haiti the IOM works by offering youth living in marginalised urban communities alternatives to violence in order to deal with some of the underlying causes of the instability which can potentially lead to external migrations which are always more destabilising. At he same time, the IOM is developing longer-term initiatives which aim to aid the Haitian government in adapting its system of migration management to the contemporary national and regional realities in line with the legal international norms.

UNAIDS - The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS

UNAIDS is a common innovative initiative that brings together seven organisations of the United Nations system (BM, PAHO-WHO, UNDP, PNUFID, UNESCO, UNFPA, UNICEF) with the aim of ensuring a coordinated and intensive response to HIV/AIDS. In Haiti the contribution of UN/AIDS has been of great importance as HIV/AIDS is seen as "public enemy number one". UN/AIDS has established excellent cooperation with the Haitian government but also with other sectors dealing with the AIDS problem. Amongst its important contributions in Haiti, UN/AIDS supported the development the national strategic plan for the fight against HIV/Aids launched in 2002.

PAHO/WHO - Pan American Health Organisation and the World Health Organisation

PAHO/WHO is the agency in the UN system that specializes in health. The principal mandate of the PAHO/WHO in Haiti is to give its aid to the Haitian government to ensure and improve sanitary conditions for the Haitian population with emphasis on decentralization using the community health units (Unités Communales de Santé, UCS), the reduction of deaths as a result of childbirth and infant mortality, an integrated approach to childhood diseases, the prevention of mother to child HIV/AIDS transmission and the access to essential medication. In the context of its activities, it has also added the objective to reduce the vulnerability of the population to natural disasters.

WFP - United Nations World Food Programme

The WFP is the first food aid agency in Haiti. It supplies aid to 850,000 people, 10% of the total population, targeting children under five years of age suffering malnutrition, pregnant women, anaemic nursing mothers, and people living with HIV/AIDS or undergoing treatment for tuberculosis. The WFP is also an education point throughout school canteens reaching 300,000 children. Because of its long-standing presence in Haiti and its expertise in the field of emergency relief, the WFP also plays an important role in the follow-up on food security, contingency planning and emergency preparations.

UNDP - United Nations Development Programme

The UNPD undertakes the promotion of human development and the reduction of poverty. In Haiti, the UNPD accompanies the national players in their various domains, including the promotion of good governance, the reduction of poverty and social exclusion, the reinforcement of the judicial system, the sustainable environmental management, risk and natural disaster prevention, the fight against HIV/Aids, the protection and respect of human rights. The UNPD puts particular emphasis on the programmes aiming to reduce poverty, as well as on good governance, in line to attain the objectives set in the Millennium Declaration.

UN-Habitat - United Nations Human Settlements Programme

The United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) is the United Nations' agency mandated with helping member states in the pursuit of the "Cities without Slums" objective. It is dedicated to promoting lasting urban development and the improvement of living conditions for the inhabitants of cities and shanty-towns in particular. In Haiti, UN-Habitat supports the municipalities to develop urban policies and local urban development plans and provides public institutions with technical assistance and supports the putting into effect of programmes and projects in the field of area development, decentralisation, urban planning, housing and provisional of essential urban services.

UNESCO - United Nations Education, Science and Culture Organisation

The principal mandate of UNESCO is to contribute to the maintenance of peace and security in the world by strengthening through education, science and culture, collaboration amongst nations in order to ensure universal respect for human rights and the fundamental freedoms that belong to all. Through its principal functions, UNESCO is a laboratory of ideas, a prescriptive organisation, a centre for exchanges and information, an organisation for the development of capabilities within member states and a catalyst for international cooperation.

UNICEF - United Nations Children's Fund

UNICEF's mandate consists of defending the rights of children and helping to meet their essential needs. In Haiti, UNICEF supports the implementation of health and nutrition programmes, education and child protection programmes, particularly for those living in extremely vulnerable situations. UNICEF provides the country with all the vaccines, provisions and equipment necessary and intervenes to help reduce mortality during childbirth and the prevention of HIV transmission from mother to child. It also offers support to children infected and affected by HIV/AIDS, street children and those in trouble with the law.

UNIFEM - United Nations Development Fund for Women

UNIFEM just established an office in Haiti in 2008. This agency's work consists in promoting the participation of women at all levels of planning and practice for development. It acts as a catalyst within the United Nations by supporting the efforts which allow a link to be made between the question and needs of women and the critical questions at a national level.

UNFPA - United Nations Population Fund

The aim of UNFPA is to raise awareness of the need to place women at the heart of the debate for lasting development. In Haiti, UNFPA is committed alongside national partners to participating in the development process and to a reduction in poverty as a result in the improvement in reproductive health, the promotion of gender equality and the prevention of acts of sexual violence. UNFPA's contribution is found also in the context of the follow-up to recommendations from the action programme of the International Conference for Population and Development through sub-programmes on reproductive health, population development and defending gender and human rights.  

UNOPS - United Nations Office for Project Services

UNOPS offers a project management and purchasing service to the departments and organisations of the UN, for international financial institutions and governments. UNOPS is recognised throughout the UN system as an execution partner in several fields (elections, job creation, local governance) and the leader regarding physical infrastructures. Since 2005, UNOPS/Haiti has worked with diverse partners (UNDP, MINUSTAH, USAID, UNICEF), in various projects covering: restoration (schools, electoral offices, and more recently, small hydro-electrical stations); logistical support for the Conseil Électorale Provisoire (CEP) and political parties; training and supervision of electoral officers; and the management of transmission centers. UNOPS/Haiti has 213 national employees, 11 international employees and has offices in each of the 10 provinces.

UNV - United Nations Volunteer Programme

The UNV constitutes the volunteer arm of the UN which is managed by the UNDP. The UNV promotes national and international volunteers in the service of development throughout the world. In Haiti they are more than twenty, national and international, to collaborate with UNPD or other agencies. In parallel, MINUSTAH counts 150 UNV volunteers spread throughout the territory. They participate in fields as varied as food security, agriculture, risk and natural disaster management, rule of law and democratic governance, environmental management, health management and child protection.


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